Further Reading

Arroyo-Ramirez, Elvia. “Invisible Defaults and Perceived Limitations: Processing the Juan Gelman Files.” Medium, October 30, 2016. https://medium.com/on-archivy/invisible-defaults-and-perceived-limitations-processing-the-juan-gelman-files-4187fdd36759.

Artforum. Mierle Laderman Ukeles, 2016. https://vimeo.com/183072212.

Blanchette, Jean-François. “A Material History of Bits.” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 62, no. 6 (June 1, 2011): 1042–57. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.21542.

Blum, Andrew. Tubes: A Journey to the Center of the Internet. New York: Ecco, 2013.

Bowker, Geoffrey C. “Susan Leigh Star Special Issue.” Mind, Culture, and Activity, June 10, 2015. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10749039.2015.1025910.

Bowker, Geoffrey C., Karen Baker, Florence Millerand, and David Ribes. “Toward Information Infrastructure Studies: Ways of Knowing in a Networked Environment.” In International Handbook of Internet Research, edited by Jeremy Hunsinger, Lisbeth Klastrup, and Matthew Allen, 97–117. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9789-8_5.

Bowker, Geoffrey, and Susan Leigh Star. Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2002.

Bratton, Benjamin. The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty. Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2016.

Burrington, Ingrid. “A Network of Fragments.” The Atlantic, December 8, 2015. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/a-network-of-fragments/419469/.

———. “The Environmental Toll of a Netflix Binge.” The Atlantic, December 16, 2015. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/there-are-no-clean-clouds/420744/.

———. “The World of Hidden Technology Underground – The Atlantic.” Accessed January 4, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/08/how-to-see-invisible-infrastructure/401204/.

Castells, Manuel. “Network Theory| A Network Theory of Power.” International Journal of Communication 5, no. 0 (April 8, 2011): 15.

Chalmers, Melissa K., and Paul N. Edwards. “Producing ‘One Vast Index’: Google Book Search as an Algorithmic System.” Big Data & Society, July 3, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951717716950.

Dannin, Ellen, and Lee Cokorinos. “Infrastructure Privatization in The New Millennium.” In The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Finance, edited by Robert D. Ebel and John E. Petersen. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2012. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199765362.013.0026.

Dourish, Paul, and Genevieve Bell. “The Infrastructure of Experience and the Experience of Infrastructure: Meaning and Structure in Everyday Encounters with Space.” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, July 22, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1068/b32035t.

Edwards, Paul. A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013.

Edwards, Paul, Steven Jackson, Geoffrey Bowker, and Cory Knobel. “Understanding Infrastructure: Dynamics, Tensions, and Design.” Final report of the workshop “History and Theory of Infrastructure: Lessons for New Scientific Cyberinfrastructures,” January 1, 2007. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2007/1/understanding-infrastructure-dynamics-tensions-and-design.

Farmer, Stephanie. “On the Move.” Harvard International Review 35, no. 2 (2013): 60–64.

Fidler, Bradley, and Amelia Acker. “Metadata, Infrastructure, and Computer‐Mediated Communication in Historical Perspective.” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 68, no. 2 (February 1, 2017): 412–22. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23660.

Foster, Ellen K. “Systems of Maintenance: Feminist Theory and Method.” Presentation presented at the The Maintainers, Boston, Mass., April 7, 2016. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/56a8e2fca12f446482d67a7a/t/5705b6fa3c44d81ea74296a2/1459992314105/Maintainers+Text_Ellen+Foster.pdf.

Friedman, Andrew. “Cellular Phantasmagoria: Stealth Towers, Roaming Borders and Global Cities in the Air.” Yale Working Group on Globalization and Culture, 2004. http://wggc.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/friedman_cellular_phantasmagoria.pdf.

Galloway, Alexander. “Networks.” In Critical Terms for Media Studies, edited by W. J. T Mitchell and Mark B. N Hansen, 280–96. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2010.

Graham, Stephen. Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition. Reprinted. London: Routledge, 2008.

Graham, Stephen, and Nigel Thrift. “Out of Order: Understanding Repair and Maintenance.” Theory, Culture & Society 24, no. 3 (May 2007): 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276407075954.

Harvey, David. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

John, Richard. Spreading the News: The American Postal System from Franklin to Morse. 2. print. Cambridge Mass. [u.a.]: Harvard Univ. Press, 1998.

Knowles, Scott Gabriel. “Maintenance Deferred: Slow Disaster and the Politics of Infrastructural Decay.” Stevens Institute of Technology, 2016. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/56a8e2fca12f446482d67a7a/t/5703ce7f746fb963479ea091/1459867268590/Maintenance+Deferred+Knowles.pdf.

Lampland, Martha, and Susan Leigh Star. “Reckoning with Standards.” In Standards and Their Stories: How Quantifying, Classifying, and Formalizing Practices Shape Everyday Life, edited by Martha Lampland and Susan Leigh Star, 3–24. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009.

———. Standards and Their Stories: How Quantifying, Classifying, and Formalizing Practices Shape Everyday Life. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009.

Larkin, Brian. “Pirate Infrastructures.” In Structures of Participation in Digital Culture, edited by Joe Karaganis, 74–84. New York: Social Science Research Council, 2007.

———. Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham: Duke University Press, 2008.

———. “The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure.” Review-article. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-092412-155522, October 21, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-092412-155522.

Lustgarten, Abrahm. “Liquid Assets.” ProPublica, February 8, 2016. https://www.propublica.org/article/can-wall-street-solve-the-water-crisis-in-the-west.

Mattern, Shannon. “Cloud and Field.” Places Journal, August 2, 2016. https://doi.org/10.22269/160802.

———. Code and Clay, Data and Dirt: Five Thousand Years of Urban Media, 2017.

———. “Infrastructural Tourism.” Places Journal, July 1, 2013. https://doi.org/10.22269/130701.

———. “Library as Infrastructure.” Places Journal, June 9, 2014. https://doi.org/10.22269/140609.

McPherson, Tara. “U.S. Operating Systems at Mid-Century: The Intertwining of Race and UNIX.” In The Visual Culture Reader. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Noble, Safiya Umoja. Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, 2018.

Nowviskie, Bethany, and Dot Porter. “Graceful Degradation Survey Findings: How Do We Manage Digital Humanities Projects through Times of Transition and Decline?,” 2010. http://nowviskie.org/Graceful_Degradation.pdf.

Nucho, Joanne. Everyday Sectarianism in Urban Lebanon: Infrastructures, Public Services, and Power. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2017.

Pargman, Daniel, and Jacob Palme. “ASCII Imperialism.” In Standards and Their Stories: How Quantifying, Classifying, and Formalizing Practices Shape Everyday Life, edited by Martha Lampland and Susan Leigh Star, 177–99. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009.

Parks, Lisa. “‘Stuff You Can Kick’: Toward a Theory of Media Infrastructures.” In Between Humanities and the Digital, edited by David Theo Goldberg and Patrik Svensson, 355–74. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2015. http://raley.english.ucsb.edu/wp-content/Engl800/Parks-infrastructures.pdf.

Parks, Lisa, and Nicole Starosielski, eds. Signal Traffic: Critical Studies of Media Infrastructures. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt155jmd9.

Pipek, Volkmar, and Volker Wulf. “Infrastructuring: Toward an Integrated Perspective on the Design and Use of Information Technology.” Journal of the Association for Information Systems 10, no. 5 (2009): 447.

Plantin, Jean-Christophe, Carl Lagoze, Paul N. Edwards, and Christian Sandvig. “Infrastructure Studies Meet Platform Studies in the Age of Google and Facebook.” New Media & Society, August 4, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444816661553.

Poirier, Lindsay. “A Turn for the Scruffy: An Ethnographic Study of Semantic Web Architecture,” 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3091478.3091505.

Ribes, David, and Thomas A. Finholt. “The Long Now of Technology Infrastructure: Articulating Tensions in Development.” Journal of the Association for Information Systems 10, no. 5 (2009): 5.

Russell, Andrew L. “Modularity: An Interdisciplinary History of an Ordering Concept.” Information & Culture: A Journal of History 47, no. 3 (2012): 257–87. https://doi.org/10.1353/lac.2012.0015.

Russell, Andrew, and Lee Vinsel. “Hail the Maintainers.” Aeon, April 7, 2016. https://aeon.co/essays/innovation-is-overvalued-maintenance-often-matters-more.

Russell, Andrew L. Open Standards and the Digital Age: History, Ideology, and Networks. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Schmidt, Jane, and Jordan Hale. “Little Free Libraries®.” Journal of Radical Librarianship 3 (April 19, 2017): 14–41.

Lady Science. “‘My Working Will Be the Work:’ Maintenance Art and Technologies of Change.” The New Inquiry (blog), December 15, 2017. https://thenewinquiry.com/blog/my-working-will-be-the-work-maintenance-art-and-technologies-of-change/.

Siskin, Clifford. System: The Shaping of Modern Knowledge. Infrastructures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2016.

Smith, R. E. “A Historical Overview of Computer Architecture.” Annals of the History of Computing 10, no. 4 (October 1988): 277–303. https://doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.1988.10039.

Star, Susan Leigh. “Power, Technology and the Phenomenology of Conventions: On Being Allergic to Onions.” The Sociological Review 38, no. S1 (May 1, 1990): 26–56. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.1990.tb03347.x.

———. “The Ethnography of Infrastructure.” In Boundary Objects and Beyond, edited by Geoffrey C. Bowker, Stefan Timmermans, Adele E. Clarke, and Ellen Balka. MIT Press, 2016. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7580150.

Star, Susan Leigh, and Karen Ruhleder. “Steps toward an Ecology of Infrastructure: Design and Access for Large Information Spaces.” In Boundary Objects and Beyond, edited by Geoffrey C. Bowker, Stefan Timmermans, Adele E. Clarke, and Ellen Balka, 377–415. MIT Press, 2016. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7580323.

Starosielski, Nicole. The Undersea Network. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2015.

Starosielski, Nicole, Eric Loyer, and Shane Brennan. “Surfacing,” 2017. http://www.surfacing.in/.

Steinhauer, Jillian. “How Mierle Laderman Ukeles Turned Maintenance Work into Art.” Hyperallergic, February 10, 2017. https://hyperallergic.com/355255/how-mierle-laderman-ukeles-turned-maintenance-work-into-art/.

Suchman, Lucy, and Libby Bishop. “Problematizing ‘Innovation’ as a Critical Project.” Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, August 25, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1080/713698477.

“The Short Message Service: Standards, Infrastructure and Innovation.” Telematics and Informatics 31, no. 4 (November 1, 2014): 559–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2014.01.004.

Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt. Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2005. GN345.6 .T75 2005.

Verhoeven, Deb. “As Luck Would Have It: Serendipity and Solace in Digital Research Infrastructure.” Feminist Media Histories 2, no. 1 (January 1, 2016): 7–28. https://doi.org/10.1525/fmh.2016.2.1.7.

Zhang, Donghui. A Prehistory of the Cloud. Cambridge Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2015.